of Agronomy & Horticulture: (402) 472-2811Email: byf@unl.edu. Many folks enjoy the colorful flowers in the spring, but despise the foliage all summer. The water will loosen the soil and make it easier to pull the plants. Flowers are produced during April and May and are eventually replaced by seed-containing fruit capsules. Cut the rhizomes. Some parts of this site work best with JavaScript enabled. I really don’t think violets will hurt your azaleas that badly, although a few this year will multiply to many more next year. An acid in wild violet leaves is said to break down corns and warts. As you may have guessed, wild violets produce underground roots and rhizomes. Some people find them troublesome, but others welcome their pretty bluish-lavender flowers in spring. Growing violets is easy and with care they have many uses in the garden. Weed Stop for Lawns Ready-To-Use Lawn Weed Killer. spread by seed and by rhizome. A lawn full of them may lose its charm rapidly, and some mature specimens will develop fleshy above-ground rhizomes that choke out any other plants, especially grass. It's a perennial weed with a long tap root on it. How can you control Wild Violets in a lawn without killing the turf? ... #123615152 - Wild violet flowers growing in the forest on a sunny springtime.. 1. Their leaves are heart-shaped, with scalloped edges and a waxy coating. They grow only in partial shade in soil that is well drained but rich in organic matter. That’s because lawn services apply a “broad-leaf” weed killer at the optimum time in summer. While some people view this plant as a fine wildflower, others regard it as a stubborn perennial lawn weed. I have seen the effects of triclopyr on violets, wild strawberry and ground ivy in a neighbor’s lawn. per 1,000 sq ft. Getting Rid of Wild Violets. Plants Profile for Viola Sororia (Common Blue Violet). Spring or summer applications only burn back the leaf tissue back, and the plants will grow back. United States Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service, Wild Violet. Once the wild violets are clearly dead, you can remove the brown leaves by hand. Wild Violets is a perennial weed so no pre-emergent herbicide will prevent wild violets from spreading in your lawn. However, after my success with violets in the kitchen, I am inclined to consider my violets a crop! If you are starting a lawn using organics, it is important to rid the lawn area of creeping Charlie and violets before you establish the lawn. Most lawns that use a lawn service don’t have violets. Edible Wild Violets in the Garden. They will have to make multiple treatments. Digging up large areas of wild violets has proven to be effective. Although in some areas they are considered annuals or biennials, wild violets often self-seed, coming back each year in unexpected locations. #151311435 - Common blue violets (viola sororia) blooming in a grassy lawn. A weed with heart-shaped or almost round leaves grows in the lawn. Young plants have a relatively shallow root system, which usually comes out of the ground with ease. Wild violets may be considered a weed by many, but I like. Thus, you have a good chance of the herbicide killing the plant all the way down to ground level with a fall application. Wild violet can be decreased by more frequent mowing but not by fertilization. When you can get your tool beneath the plant, lift it up from underneath and remove as much of the root system as possible. Violets are difficult to control in turfgrass areas. The herbicide kills the violets down to the roots without hurting normal lawn grasses. One thing to keep in mind: Wild violets are best controlled in the fall as they are preparing to go into winter. You may need to apply several applications over an extended period of time, and UMass warns that the applications most often result in only fair control. Most species are found in the temperate Northern Hemisphere; however, some are also found in widely divergent areas such as Hawaii, Australasia, and the Andes.. Unfortunately, they don’t spread in my garden like I wish they would. The best approach to killing wild violets with herbicide is to spot treat individual weeds rather than spraying weed killer over the entire area. It is not unusual for some plants to survive the winter and return in the spring. ---Peter in Rockville, Maryland (PS: I found your show on the Sirius 'NPR Talk' channel and got hooked!) If you use herbicide in the spring or summer, it might only temporarily kill the surface leaves, allowing the plant to rebound. Fescue grass is the best choice for lawns in partial shade – but these conditions also favor violets. Reapply the next spring. The first, normal [chasmogamous] flowers are the pretty ones we see in the spring. Probably the best way for a home gardener to control a small infestation of violets in the lawn is to dig them up. In spring, wild violets produce their well-known purple (or sometimes white, bicolored or speckled) flowers, which are often mowed off. Wild violet is a tough to control perennial weed that will just keep expanding if nothing is done to control it. Commonly found growing within ill-managed lawns and tolerant to a wide range of temperatures, most violets are … Spray the wild violets with a fresh batch of the herbicide mixture again in the spring after they begin actively growing. Understanding how and when to water your violet is crucial to success. Two … Keep reading to learn more about wild violets care. Follow the instructions on the label of the product to determine how to safely mix and apply the chemical. I know many gardeners battle to eradicate them from their lawns in order to maintain a perfect carpet of grass. Q. I have violets in a portion of my yard, and they are spreading as time goes on. Quinclorac is also sold in other lawn weed control products, under differing names. Both the flowers and leaves can be eaten, and young leaves have a pleasant nutty taste. Removing wild violets from lawns in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant … There are several reasons for tolerating wild violets in the lawn: Wild violets are also edible weeds. Young wild violets are fairly easy to pull by hand. Read our, Learn Your Lawn Weeds and How to Fight Them, 14 Ground Covers That Are Tough but Tamable, How to Plant and Care for Bulbs in Your Lawn. Because violets have such a waxy leaf surface, adding a spreader-sticker product to the herbicide mixture will result in better adhesion of the herbicide to the leaf surfaces, resulting in better control. Those with darker leaves and darker blossoms will usually tolerate more light that lighter varieties such as those with white or light pink flowers. Pulling violets out of turf is almost useless (you can’t get those roots) and certainly, you can’t mulch a lawn. David Beaulieu is a garden writer with nearly 20 years experience writing about landscaping and over 10 years experience working in nurseries. Some Viola species are perennial plants, some are annual plants, and a few are small shrubs. In Stock at Store Today. Wear thick gardening gloves to protect your hands as you pull the violets. They are low-growing plants, thriving in the shade of other vegetation. Wait 24 hours before watering. Wild violets (Viola spp.) About Edible Violet Plants. University of Arkansas, Division of Agriculture. {Quote}: "They often survive when all other weeds in the lawn have been controlled." All you may need to do is improve the health of the lawn so the lawn can better compete. This kills any violets that were missed in the fall. #LawnCare #WabashValley #TerreHaute may have pretty purple or blue flowers, but these annual weeds can quickly become an eyesore when they invade your yard. Spot treat individual wild violet plants with the herbicide mixture, thoroughly wetting all the leaves. Most seeds come from weird, pale flowers resembling mung bean sprouts that hide at the soil line under the foliage. Wild violets are tenacious and can spread quite rapidly. Typically, they are purple but can also be light blue and other colours. Although control is difficult, existing ground ivy and violets can be treated with postemergence broadleaf herbicides in the period from mid-spring to … These are usually pollinated and set seed in the normal manner; this is how the wild violets hybridize with others. And don’t even think of eating the wild ones if you use chemicals on your lawn! Getting Rid of Wild Violets. ... Spectracide 128 oz. But in summer violets can produce a different type of self-pollinating flower that stays below the leaves (or even underground) and produces seeds that are dropped in the surrounding area. Wild violets can be removed by hand, especially if you regularly inspect your lawn to control the plant before it spreads. Cathy Askia is a Master Gardener and member of The Spruce Gardening and Plant Care Review Board with over 30 years of home gardening experience. They will spread themselves all over and require little more from you than some water during long dry spells. Wild violets are those flowers, usually purple but sometimes white or yellow that sprinkle your lawn in the springtime. If large areas of lawn are affected, violets can be killed selectively with Trimec (a combination of 2,4-D, MCPP and dicamba) or triclopyr (Turflon). Similar Images . Horticultural Vinegar Control for Wild Violets. These are perennial plants that spread both by rhizomes and by seeds. When wild violets show up in your lawn your best choice is to embrace their beauty, edibility, and attraction of butterflies. Wild violets range in height from 2 to 12 inches tall. Leaves and stems emerge from growing points on rhizomes in early spring, and new plants continue to develop throughout the growing season. Wild violets are an attractive flower that grows wild in shady, moist areas of your lawn. Figure 2. Shady lawns with poorly drained fertile soil are typical sites for ground ivy to develop into a major problem. The most effective herbicide compound on wild violets is triclopyr. In the spring, it has white, blue, or purple flowers. Violets, Viola spp., are often found in shady areas of thin turf where the soil is moist and poorly drained. Unlike grass, they do well in shade. This will minimize the chemicals being introduced into the environment. A garden sprayer with a wand nozzle will let you target the leaves of individual weeds with almost no drift of chemical mist. I would install deep plastic edging to keep it out. Fifth on our list, find crossbow herbicide, which is a 100% a powerful wild violets exterminator. Multiple applications are usually needed to control wild violets. It is conducive to natural landscape design, as wild violets are a native species. Shady areas of a lawn are especially susceptible to a wild violet takeover. One treatment won't do it. Many folks enjoy the colorful flowers in the spring, but despise the foliage all summer. 2. ON the moss-covered rock face in front of me, three small blue-violet flowers pushed out of a rosette of velvet green leaves. These violets spread so quickly because they're sneaky. Violet flowers range in color from light blue to deep purple. Despite this, multitudes of herbalists praise violets for their relevance and importance as an edible plant. UNL Backyard Farmer TeamDept. Using herbicide to eradicate wild violets is best undertaken in the fall. The flowers can vary in color; it is not uncommon to see species with white, blue, purple or violet petals (Picture 2). While I treated this as a pot of gold at the end of a rainbow, one of our turf professors shared that wild violets are actually one of the most notorious lawn weeds and are difficult to manage. They also make excellent choices for instant ground cover in a woodland garden. Transplant the violets in shady locations where other plants won't grow or dispose of them in the trash. Are Weed & Feed Lawn Care Products Too Toxic to Use? Wild Violet Flowers Wild violets (Viola odorata) have heart-shaped leaves with purple-blue flowers. The herbicide kills the violets down to the roots without hurting normal lawn grasses. How can you control Wild Violets in a lawn without killing the turf? Sort by: Top Sellers. A few violets are pretty and charming. ... **Note that African violets are not true violets and shouldn’t be … Use a broadleaf killer that contains 2,4-D or Dicamba, and it will selectively kill the violets without damaging the grass. The original wild species grow in Africa from near sea level to about 3,000′. What kind of control are you getting with Speed Zone on Wild Violets, I sprayed some last Thursday....not seeing much yet. As you may have guessed, wild violets are perennial--no pre-emergent herbicide will be effective. How Dish Soap Can Kill Unwanted Moss in Your Lawn, How to Use Vinegar as a Natural Weed Killer, How to Remove Weeds in a Sidewalk or Driveway, How to Control Japanese Beetles in Your Lawn and Garden, Identifying and Controlling Yellow Wood Sorrel (Oxalis). As such, they can be applied to the wild violets in your lawn without damaging the lawn itself. Although control is difficult, existing ground ivy and violets can be treated with postemergence broadleaf herbicides in the period from mid-spring to early summer and/or mid to late fall. Sort by: Top Sellers. The Spruce uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Violets are perennial, meaning they will come back year after year and given the … However, wild violets spread underground and do not produce many seeds, so it is almost impossible to get all of the wild violets. Some varieties also have white or yellow blooms. We can eat them. To get your potted violet to thrive, you must try to simulate the natural environment of their wild ancestors. Ask for a spreader-sticker product at your local garden center. The plants are commonly around 4 to 6 inches high, though they can grow taller in the right conditions. African Violet Society of America 2375 North Street Beaumont, Texas Dear Madam or Sir, I have come upon a strange flower and wish to inform you of its vague and general whereabouts. It is unknown how irrigation, drainage, and soil compaction influence wild violet populations. Many violet species, including the common wild violet, have two kinds of flowers. Two of the more common broadleaf weeds invading shady lawns are ground ivy and violets. If the plants do not die completely after two weeks, treat again with herbicide. Viola is a genus of flowering plants in the violet family Violaceae.It is the largest genus in the family, containing between 525 and 600 species. But sometimes this weed calls for the use of chemical herbicides for complete eradication. The leaves are … You should see them begin to turn brown and die. Mix up a batch of broad-spectrum weed killer in a garden sprayer, following label directions. Use a broadleaf killer that contains 2,4-D or Dicamba, and it will selectively kill the violets without damaging the grass. That is why violets are such a troublesome and hard-to-control weed. Wild violets (Viola spp.) Triclopyr can not be sprayed on a newly sprouted lawn until after it has been mowed a few times. Typically found in northern regions of the U.S., wild violets flower in the spring and … Hand pull or dig violets. It's a perennial weed with a long tap root on it. Your African violets will do best in an environment that mimics this. I can see why. Similar Images . The mystery of this single clump of African violets is making me more restless than usual. Wild violets are tenacious and can spread quite rapidly. They grow in USDA hardiness zones 3 to 9.. Wild violet plants produce low growing rosettes of heart-shaped leaves with serrated margins. If wild violets have invaded your lawn, use a postemergence broadleaf herbicide. Get It Fast. I really don’t think violets will hurt your azaleas that badly, although a few this year will multiply to many more next year. Wait 24 hours before watering. Herbicides appliced in fall translocate down into the tap root better and give better success with control. Those first few flowers might elicit an “ooh!” or an “aw, how pretty” thought at first glance but unless you want your lawn taken over by them, you’d better move quickly to eliminate them. Growing Wild Violet Plants in the Garden. It can range in height from 2 to 12 inches. The most effective way to control violets in lawns is chemicals. While wild violets may sound like delightful plants – and their deep purple blooms are pretty – they’re actually an aggressive weed that will happily invade your lawn if left unchecked. If wild violets have invaded your lawn, use a postemergence broadleaf herbicide. Fall is the best time of year to control the wild violets. For young violets, grasp the main stem near the soil line and pull straight up. Two weeks after spraying, most of the weeds curled up and turned yellow. Fall is the best time of year to control wild violets, as it is with all weeds, a time when they take everything down to the root to store for the next growing season. UMass Extension recommends using a herbicides that combine phenoxy (2,4-D, 2,4-DP, MCPP, MCPA) and benzoic acid (dicamba), such as Sword or Dyclear. A few violets can be attractive. Seeds germinate under cool, moist conditions and give rise t… It has no stem, but leaves grow directly from a nut-like crown. Plus, some people use wild violets medicinally. Two or more applications may be needed. Q. I have violets in a portion of my yard, and they are spreading as time goes on. First, moisten the area thoroughly with a garden hose, and wait about a half hour. In Stock at Store Today. Thick, branching rhizomes of wild violet. Spray the wild violets with a fresh batch of the herbicide mixture again in the spring after they begin actively growing. 37 Results Weed Type: Wild Violet. That’s because lawn services apply a … Add surfactant or a tablespoon of dish soap to the weed killer. For large, established clumps, use a garden fork to dig under the plant, loosening the soil around it. Most lawns that use a lawn service don’t have violets. Leaves are hairless with glossy surfaces and can extend up to 3.5 inches in length. This short-lived perennial weed is called wild violet, field pansy, or hearts-ease. Both are difficult to control. Our lawn is large and it would be detrimental to our neighboring creeks to try to chemically alter it. Another great wild violet herbicide is called Drive (quinclorac). Apply broadleaf herbicides in early fall or spring when plants are in bloom. Ortho Weed B Gon 32 oz. Fall is the best time of year to control the wild violets. UMass Extension recommends using a herbicides that combine phenoxy (2,4-D, 2,4-DP, MCPP, MCPA) and benzoic acid (dicamba), such as Sword or Dyclear. Turflon is the herbicide of choice for the lawn industry, but Trimec is more readily available. African violets (Saintpaulia ionantha) are native to rainforests in the mountains of eastern African countries like Tanzania. Because wild violets have pretty flowers that bloom early and often, not everyone regards this plant as a weed. FOR FESCUE, ZOYSIA I think the best chemical for violet control in fescue and zoysia lawns is triclopyr (click for sources). 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